WHAT THEY DO: The key "front-line" people in the news department are the beat reporters. They are on-the-scene at every kind of event, and larger organizations may compartmentalize assignments, such as health reporter, education reporter, entertainment reporter, etc.
Local news reporters must be excellent writers, capable of working quickly and accurately to sum up the key elements of a news story and make it understandable and relevant to the audience. In today's new media, reporters must be able to write to all digital media, including social networks.
REQUIREMENTS: Often reporters can enter smaller markets before they have completed their degree in broadcast journalism. Nonetheless, a college degree will be necessary to move onto larger markets and more responsibility.
WHAT THEY DO: Engineering technicians a usually responsible for the general repair, maintenance, installation and modification of all of the electronic equipment in the station - from phone systems to satellite networks to laptops and toilets!
REQUIREMENTS: Many stations are willing to train their entry-level engineering staff to operate news vans and equipment. Nonetheless, there are trade schools across the country that provide training in electronic; in addition, the Society of Broadcast Engineers (SBE) has certification programs for each state.
WHAT THEY DO: The news director supervises the news department. An effective ND must understand budgeting, personnel management and the technical aspects of broadcasting. In addition to having a firm understanding of the community service role of broadcast journalism, he or she must also have solid news judgment - the ability to determine which stories are most informative and of the greatest value to the local broadcast consumer.
REQUIREMENTS: This is not an entry-level position and requires a good deal of experience, knowledge and education.